Ask DrPeering.net is a monthly advice column, addressing some of the most frequently discussed issues in the Internet Peering Community today.
Q: What is the best source of information for a peer?
A: Are you any relation to the singer?Anyway, I am working on a white paper called The Business Case for Direct ...
Q: What is Direct Connect and how does it work? How much does it cost to direct connect versus connect over the ...
A: Amazon started the direct connect offering in 2011 as a way to bypass the Internet and connect to a network port ...
Q: Just starting out here having been hired as the new peering coordinator for NetThrones. What is the critical ...
A: As a matter of fact, a small crew of us from the peering community are working now on a proposed Peering Session
Q: In a bind here. For our new Pied Piper compression delivery next week, we need racks to host our custom hardware, ...
A: I hear your stress, but not to worry - Urgency is my middle name.And it turns out that this is a very common story
Q: With transit well below $1/Mbps in some places, why bother with peering?
A: The financial argument is tougher to make these days until you get up to pushing a ton of traffic. However, the ...
Q: Eyeball networks won’t peer with me. What levers exist to pressure them to peer?
A: As a curator of Internet Peering tactics, and I am happy to share a new tactic in the wild, contributed ...
Q: I would like to start up a small IXP. I understand the technology, I found a data center that will give me the ...
A: I can completely understand your nervousness.Operating and Internet exchange point is a very strange business ...
Q: Thanks for your previous answer...But the analysis in “The Business Case for Direct Connect” really pivots on the ...
A: Enrico -You are spot on. As a quick aside, it is interesting to me that the “Direct Connect Service Model” I ...
Q: Hi. Yea, it’s Bill Lumbergh. You mentioned something about changes in the peering ecosystem back in January. Yeaaa.
A: Thanks for the note. I can now provide a little more color to my prediction about some of the emerging shifts in ...
Q: End of the year again... What will we see in the peering ecosystem in 2015?
A: EXPECT SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN THE PEERING WORLD IN 2015Expect to see the peering world continue its trajectory of ..
Q: Would peering have helped Sony?
A: Sony suffered a significant penetration, allowing unauthorized access to privileged information. According to the New
Q:Agree with you that cell phones sure do suck. Here is my test --> listen to hold music on your cell phone. Try it...Do
A: we used to use music as a sound source in the early Internet days. We would have audio conferences and sometimes
Q: Word came down from top brass that peering is pretty much finished in North America. What is the G2 on peering in Can
A: I gave a talk at the IXP Symposium in Toronto earlier this month, sponsored by the Ontario government. The presentati
Q: I have a lot of traffic to deliver to China. How is this best done?
A: Funny you should ask. At AfPIF, EPF, NANOG and CHINOG over the last month, I discovered two interesting things about
Q: DrPeering - What is the cost of peering from Bucharest into Frankfurt? Does it make sense financially to peer?.
A: Dr. Floyd - For this, let’s apply the Business Case for Peering: Assume*: Transport: 10Gbps circuit from Bucharest
Q: DrPeering - I’m heading to the next NANOG and was curious: how cliquey is the peering community. How does one get i
A: Karl - First, the good news. The Peering Community is composed of a lot of really nice people, and several peering f
Q: DrPeering - I learned of your travels to the African Peering and Interconnect Forum (AfPIF-5) in Senegal. How are t
A: Dr. Floyd -Thanks for the question.ISOC put on another terrific AfPIF event. After five years, they really have this
Q: DrPeering - Is it me, or are things in the peering ecosystem changing rather quickly these days? Astrid Levinson
A: Astrid -I have seen this as well. Let’s look at a historical comparison. When the black plague swept Europe, it kille
Q: DrPeering - You write about the value of IXPs... what are the forces that cause their formation, and what causes t
A: Bob -Competition encourages us to stretch and innovate, to create new products that delight the market, that abstract
Q: DrPeering - I’m a senior NetEng, now assigned to also serve as peering coordinator. sigh. Never did this before.
A: Peter - Thanks for the note. I have helped new peering coordinators go through this process. Embrace this career
Q: We are buying Internet Transit and getting prices way higher than your graph shows:
A: Thanks for the note. Internet Transit pricing varies per market and varies based on competition and access proximity
Q: DrPeering - Thanks for the articles - What is your definition of paid peering? If I get free peering with ISP A, b
A: To answer this, let’s start with the definition of “Peering,” excerpts from The Internet Peering Playbook, and then t
Q: DrPeering - What do you make of the Netflix paid peering relationship with Comcast? Is this good or bad for peerin
A: Thanks for the question. Much like a living organism, the Internet peering ecosystem responds and reacts to the stim
Q: DrPeering - Why would enterprises peer? Louis Winthorpe III
A: Enterprises have traditionally kept focused on their core competencies and outsourced non-strategic services to the b
Q: DrPeering - We have a new service offering that in two years will be the most compelling content in the world. I am
A: Don’t hold your breath. There is a saying that “Eyeballs love Content, and Content loves Eyeballs.” This describes t
Q: DrPeering - Thanks for writing The Internet Peering Playbook. When is the next edition coming out? Jock Lindsey
A: Jock - The 2014 Internet Peering Playbook is available in French now for the Kindle! http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00
Q: DrPeering - Are there Tier 1 ISPs that peer openly? Enrico Pollini
A: In The Internet Peering Playbook I pointed out that Tier 1 ISPs don’t peer with anyone else, because they don’t have
Q: DrPeering - What is the outlook for peering in 2014 ? Is the peering value proposition growing, declining, or stay
A: Adam and Barbara - thanks for the question. It is time to pull out my crystal ball. First, since Internet Transit is
Q: If peering is so compelling, why isn’t every network full-mesh peered? Wouldn’t that lead to a transit free Internet?
A: Frank - Peering provides access to each others customers, but there tends to always be a need to get traffic elsewhe
Q: Constructing a niche secured ISP - does Peering play a role in the security story? Marty Bishop
A: Marty - There are at least 3 reasons why Internet Peering is inherently more secure than Internet Transit. 1) Peere
Q: How do we hire a peering coordinator? Jerry Lundegaard
A: Jerry - Thanks for the note. I am a peering coordinator fan. I have always admired peering coordinators for their un
Q: Greetings. I have heard you speak about Internet peering and interconnection. My firm operates an e-commerce site th
A: Marvin -Welcome to the DrPeering Interconnection Cafe.The challenge for network architects and engineers is to create
Q: I see another wave of 10G port pricing drops across Europe. What does this do to The Business Case for Peering? Ilsa
A: Ilsa - of all the blogs in all the blogosphere in all the web - thanks for walking into mine. Decreasing the price of
Q: Hi DrPeering, I am modeling the Internet Peering Ecosystem. When an ISP connects to the IXP, 1)Is the ISP bound b
A: Z.M. - Thanks for the questions. Bound by Peering Policy? There is no requirement to define, implement or rigidly con
Q: <Previously on Ask.DrPeering....> DrPeering – How should we think about expanding our peering and network footprin
A: Harry - In the previous article we discussed the three traffic types and corresponding revenue. Now we will exercise
Q: DrPeering – Do the mobile cell-phone networks peer? Nomophobic Nancy Noonan
A: Nancy - They say we don’t a landline anymore. They ask “Who wants to be tethered to a wall phone?” They say “That is
Q: DrPeering – How should we think about expanding our peering and network footprint internationally?Harry ZimmChili Pal
A: Harry - At the end of every Internet Peering Workshop we end up at the same discussion; How should we think about our
Q: DrPeering – I am a networking guy in college and ready to intern for a company that I might want to join in a few y
A: Justin - There are good reasons for network engineers to go work for a content company : content companies are more f
Q: DrPeering – I hope you can hear the anxiety in my tone - TV is complicated today. There is no single box that you w
A: G. Gottfried - I can hear your loud and clear. Thanks for the question and I would love to talk about home networking
Q: DrPeering – I don’t like my colocation provider. They -charge too much, -make it difficult and time consuming to cr
A: Joel - It sounds like a sticky situation. There are three factors that keep companies (sticky) as customers of coloca
Q: DrPeering – Is there a resource that can help me understand what tier 1 providers serve which tier 2s and which tie
A: Chip - There is no authoritative source highlighting the flow of money between ISPs, so people in the industry tend t
Q: DrPeering – Is it possible to model the network layer of the Internet for my graph theory class? I can get tracerou
A: Douglas - Yes, but there will inevitably be well documented failings modeling the Internet using traceroutes and BGP
Q: DrPeering – Are colocation center cross connects too damn expensive? Jimmy McMillan
A: Jimmy - To the colocation provider, cross-connects are a wonderful high-value and high-margin product. In the U.S., c
Q: DrPeering – Are Internet Exchange Points increasing or decreasing in significance in the Internet Peering Ecosystem
A: Internet Exchange Points are becoming the video distribution centers of the Internet. It is on-line video that makes
Q: DrPeering – What is Remote Peering? Josey Wales, Missouri Bushwacker
A: Josey - thanks for the question as it allows me to discuss an emerging trend in the form of a Great Remote Peering De
Q: DrPeering – We are exploring network and data center build plans in emerging markets. Where do you see peering and
A: Don - From a 30,000 foot perspective, peering is pretty well baked in the U.S., Western Europe, and much of Asia. The
Q: DrPeering – We are a large and aggressively growing content provider and we are curious about whether all of this I
A: Wile E. - Thanks for the question... And the short answer is YES! The next generation of content providers are in fa
Q: DrPeering – In your book you talk about the value of an Internet Exchange Point: Value of the IXP = ValueDerived -
A: Thanks for the question Adrian. I tie the value of an Internet Transit Network to the value derived by the customer b
Q: DrPeering – How many different types of fiber outages are there? Sweet Polly Purebread
A: Polly - When people dig, their eyes are keen, But here are cuts that I have seen. FedWire Outage This is when there
Q: DrPeering – I noticed your Internet Transit price graph (http://drpeering.net/white-papers/Internet-Transit-Pricing
A: Yes, and the cause of transit price drops is another common discussion at peering fora so I will share some of the th
Q: DrPeering – What do you know about peering in China? Anonymous
A: Thanks for the note. From and Internet Region perspective, China looks very much like every other Internet Region in
Q: DrPeering – How has Internet Peering changed over the past 10 years or so? Gern Blanston
A: The Internet Peering Ecosystem in the U.S. has changed significantly from 1987 to 2000, and even more significantly f
Q: DrPeering – Why Frankfurt, London, and Amsterdam and not as much in Bucharest, Helsinki, or Lisbon? Is it just that
A: Ethel – I discussed your question with a bunch of colleagues attending APRICOT 2012 in New Delhi, and here are the ha